Anaemia symptoms and signs
Anaemia is a condition that results from not having abnormal level of haemoglobin in the blood or red blood cells. Anaemia symptoms normally depends on the type and cause of the condition. However, the condition tends to have the following common symptoms.
- Fatigue, loss of energy
- Pale complexion
- Unusually rapid heartbeat, particularly with exercise
- Shortness of breath and headache, particularly with exercise
- Difficulty concentrating
- Leg cramps
Other anaemia symptoms associated with specific types of the condition are explained below.
Iron deficiency anaemia symptoms
In addition to the commoniron deficiency anaemia symptoms above, it causes:
- Hunger or craving for strange substances including dirt, a condition called pica
- A smooth or sore tongue
- koilonychia condition, that is an upward curvature of the nails
- Soreness of the mouth with cracks at the corners
Anaemia symptoms include muscle impairment. It can cause a considerable reduction in your work capacity. Even a mild anaemia can decrease your performance in exercise. It reduces your capacity for prolonged physical endurance or exercise.
Another health consequence of iron deficiency anaemia in a cold environment is an impaired capacity to maintain body temperature.
It can also cause some changes in your behaviour and impaired intellectual performance. You will experience significant decrease in your attentiveness, responsiveness, and activity even with mild iron deficiency. Also a mild form of it can increase your tendency to become easily get tired (fatigue) and experience tension, and fearfulness.
Vitamin B12 deficiency or nutritional anaemia symptoms
Vitamin deficiency or nutritional anaemiais a condition resulting from reduced red blood cell count due to a poor diet. That is, a diet which is deficient in iron, folate and/or Vitamin B12.
Nutritional anaemia symptoms may have other medical reasons. You need a doctor to carry out a proper medical diagnosis. The known peculiar nutritional anaemia symptoms
- Impaired cognitive performance: That is your ability to acquire and utilise knowledge at all stages of life has become weakened or damaged.
- Susceptibility to or Morbidity from infectious diseases is high
- Negative foetal outcome. This include premature delivery, intrauterine growth retardation, and low birth weight.
- Higher risk of death of pregnant women during the period immediately before and after giving birth (the perinatal period).
You may have these symptoms without developing anaemia. Also you may experience similar signs and symptoms as in other anaemia conditions.
Vitamin deficiency is a condition resulting from reduced red blood cell count due to a poor diet. That is, a diet which is deficient in iron, folate and/or Vitamin B12. The additional Vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia symptoms you may experience are:
- A tingling sensation in your hands and/or feet
- Stiffness of your arms and/or legs
- Loss of sense of touch
- An unsteady, wobbly gait and difficulty walking
- Memory loss or dementia
Some of the vitamin deficiency anaemia symptoms will improve once the body is provided with the deficient vitamins.
Other conditions causing anaemia symptoms
Lead poisoning anaemia symptoms
The main sources of exposure to lead poisoning include contaminated, water, air soil, food, consumer products, and work environment. Lead exposure at work is a common sources lead poisoning in adults.
Lead poisoning can result in anaemic condition and the symptoms are usually:
- Abdominal pain
- A blue-black line on the referred to as a lead line
- Seizures in severe cases, especially in children
Lead poisoning anaemia is treatable. It requires administering a medicine that binds and draws lead out of the body and discontinuing exposure to lead.
Haemolytic anaemia symptoms – Red blood cell destruction (haemolysis)
Haemolytic anaemia is caused by red blood cell destruction. The destruction is so much that your bone marrow cannot produce enough to compensate for the loss.
In addition to the normal anaemia symptoms, the symptoms often associated with the condition include:
- Small bruises under the skin
- Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes)
- Brown or red urine
- Leg ulcers
- Failure to thrive in infancy
- Symptoms of gallstones
- Abdominal pain
- Kidney failure symptoms
Haemolytic anaemia usually results from the use of some medications. Where this is the case, treatment involves altering or stopping the medication. Also your doctor may recommend adding folate supplements to your diet in order to bring up the red blood cell levels. Iron replacement therapy or blood transfusion may require.
In babies, haemolytic anaemia symptoms may also include poor feeding, pale skin, and increased breathing rate.